Ancestry: The Cape buffalo is not closely related to the Asian Water buffalo, but its ancestry remains unclear. It is a very powerful creature, demanding respect from even a pride of lions when paths cross.
Predators: Other than humans, they have few natural predators and are capable of defending themselves against (and sometimes kill) lions, however lions sometimes kill and eat buffalo. The leopard is a threat only to newborn calves. Crossbreeding with domestic cattle has had only limited success, and the African buffalo remains a wild animal.
Hunting: Known as one of the "big five" in Africa, the Cape buffalo can be a volatile and formidable beast. It is reputedly the most dangerous game animal.
Habitat: Cape buffalo prefer areas of open pasture, close to jungle and swampy ground where they can wallow. They are found in Ethiopia, Somalia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Kenya and Tanzania.
Herds: The main herd consists of all sexes and ages, though bachelor groups are also found. A male is recognizable by the thickness of his horns, and is called the "Boss." Bulls mature at eight years of age. Cows first calve at five years of age, after a gestation period of 11.5 months.
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