Baja California is the northernmost state of Mexico; it is mostly located on the northern half of the Baja California peninsula. To avoid confusion it is sometimes (albeit incorrectly) referred to as Baja California Norte.
The state is bordered on the north by the United States, the west by the Pacific Ocean, the east by Sonora and the Sea of Cortez, and the south by Baja California Sur.
The state has a population of 2,750,000 (2003 estimate), much more than sparsely populated Baja California Sur to the south. Over 75% of the population live in the cities of Mexicali and Tijuana.
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